town we know as Bodrum today has continuously existed under various
names for over three thousand years. It has seen glory and defeat, growth
and decline, greatness and obscurity.
At its peak, when it was known as Halicarnassus, the capital city of
the Kingdom of Caria, it was renowned for the monumental tomb of its
ruler Mausolus. Known as the Mausoleum, this magnificent structure was
regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and it bequeathed
its name to the West as even today elaborate tombs are known as mausoleums.
The site on which it stood can still be seen, but its great statuary
was taken away in the last century to become the pride of the British
Queen Artemisia sent ships from here to conquer Rhodes and Herodotus,
the ‘Father of History’ was born here, as was Dionysius, the author
of a 20-volume History of Rome. Indeed, the city played a significant
role in the cultural, political, military and commercial lives of the
region and beyond, until it was overrun by the troops of the Macedonian
conqueror, Alexander the Great. Stand by the restored Myndus Gate, maybe
you’ll hear his trumpets...
For a brief spell of a century or so the Knights of St. John made it
their outpost and it is the castle that they built that all admire today.
Then, as distant seats of empire took their turn to rule, Bodrum slept.
It was a tiny fishing village until a writer,Cevat Sakir Kabaađaçlý,
was exiled here. Taking the pen-name of ' Fisherman of Halicarnassus’,
he spread the word of Bodrum’s pristine natural beauty throughout Turkey,
and it wasn’t long before the word reached the world, drew visitors
and led to the creation of the sophisticated resort which we enjoy today.